Ghana leads the way: Pioneering blockchain government in Africa

A boat, painted with the colours of the Ghanaian flag, moored next to paln trees.

Ghana leads the way: Pioneering blockchain government in Africa As a tech journalist, Zul focuses on topics including cloud computing, cybersecurity, and disruptive technology in the enterprise industry. He has expertise in moderating webinars and presenting content on video, in addition to having a background in networking technology.

The Ghanian Government has revealed its intention to become the first African government run on blockchain.

Ghana’s VP, Mahamudu Bawumia, announced the ambitious goal during a recent conference in Accra, at which he outlined the country’s significant progress toward digital transformation, establishing the country as a leader in embracing blockchain for government openness and efficiency.

He also revealed significant progress in digitising government operations. Nearly all governmental bodies are integrated into the digital platform, making it easier to access services online and accept electronic payments.

The industrial revolution introduced blockchain, a technology with the potential to transform various industries. While some are still exploring its potential, others are using its applications in Smart Contracts, DAOs, DeFi, and cryptocurrency exchange interoperability. However, blockchain faced initial scepticism, particularly in Africa, where misinformation caused many to link it with scams and financial fraud.

This lack of awareness, fueled by crypto-related conspiracy theories, has led to many Africans falling victim to fraudulent schemes, tarnishing blockchain’s reputation across the continent.

Despite these challenges, Ghana is keen to adopt the technology. To date, it has collected GHC 201bn (£11.3bn) through digital transactions on This approach has not only improved efficiency but has also significantly reduced the corruption that previously plagued the system.

But the most revolutionary step is yet to come. Ghana is embracing blockchain technology to secure government data, making it tamper-proof. The technology will meticulously track every alteration to digital data, effectively putting an end to corrupt practices and under-the-table dealings.

VP Bawumia did not mince words about the pervasive corruption in Africa, citing an estimated loss of one $1tn over the past five years. He highlighted Ghana’s proactive stance in employing digital tools to combat corruption, showcasing a commitment to transparency and accountability.

The push for digital transformation is not just about combating corruption. Bawumia also challenged other African nations to harness technology to eradicate poverty and underdevelopment across the continent.

Beyond its anti-corruption efforts, Ghana is exploring new applications for blockchain technology. For instance, Nairametrics reported that the Ghana Postal Service is celebrating the 25th silver jubilee of Ghanaian Monarch His Majesty Otumfuo Osei Tutu II by issuing crypto stamps linked to non-fungible tokens, ensuring the event is forever etched in the blockchain.

Amidst a number of economic challenges, including a severe debt crisis, Ghana’s transition to blockchain emphasises the critical need for accountability and preventing public fund misuse in order to sustain the economy.

This innovation in Ghana is part of a larger trend across Africa, which remains the only region globally to see an increase in venture funding and a surge in blockchain-specific investments. According to CV VC, the number of African blockchain deals grew by 12%, driven by sharp minds and vital developments in infrastructure, personal identification, and financial independence.

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